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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number: 001-39390
https://cdn.kscope.io/0fff61b87f06eb7c1f51a9be7284b3d8-goco-20210331_g1.jpg
GoHealth, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________
Delaware85-0563805
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
214 West Huron St.60654
Chicago,Illinois
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)
(312) 386-8200
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
_________________________



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange
on which registered
Class A Common Stock,
$0.0001 par value per share
GOCOThe Nasdaq Global Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
Non-accelerated filer Emerging growth company
Accelerated filer
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
As of May 5, 2021, the registrant had 99,992,309 shares of Class A common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding and 221,143,663 shares of Class B common stock, $0.0001 par value per share, outstanding.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.



CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, (“the Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, (“the Exchange Act”). All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may be forward-looking statements. Statements regarding our future results of operations and financial position, business strategy and plans and objectives of management for future operations, including, among others, statements regarding our expected growth, future capital expenditures and debt service obligations, are forward-looking statements.
In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms, such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “expects,” “plans,” “anticipates,” “could,” “intends,” “targets,” “projects,” “contemplates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “potential” or “continue” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are only predictions. Accordingly, we caution you that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, assumptions and uncertainties that are difficult to predict. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable as of the date made, actual results may prove to be materially different from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.
These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and are subject to a number of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, including but not limited to the following: the marketing and sale of Medicare plans are subject to numerous, complex and frequently changing laws, regulations and guidelines; our business may be harmed if we lose our relationships with carriers or if our relationships with carriers change; our failure to grow our customer base or retain our existing customers; carriers may reduce the commissions paid to us and change their underwriting practices in ways that reduce the number of, or impact the renewal or approval rates of, insurance policies sold through our platform; significant consolidation in the health insurance industry could adversely alter our relationships with carriers; information technology system failures could interrupt our operations; factors that impact our estimate of LTV (as defined below); our ability to sell Medicare-related health insurance plans is largely dependent on our licensed health insurance agents; changes and developments in the health insurance system and laws and regulations governing the health insurance markets; our ability to effectively advertise our products on a cost-effective basis or market the availability of our products through specific channels; the Founders and Centerbridge have significant influence over us, including control over decisions that require the approval of stockholders, and other important factors described in the section titled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Form 10-K”), the section titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents that we reference in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Except as required by applicable law, we do not plan to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein, whether as a result of any new information, future events, changed circumstances or otherwise.
CERTAIN DEFINITIONS
As used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context otherwise requires:
we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company,” “GoHealth” and similar references refer: (1) following the consummation of the Transactions, including our initial public offering, or IPO, to GoHealth, Inc., and, unless otherwise stated, all of its direct and indirect subsidiaries, including GoHealth Holdings, LLC (formerly known as Blizzard Parent, LLC), and (2) prior to the completion of the Transactions, including our IPO, to GoHealth Holdings, LLC and, unless otherwise stated, all of its direct and indirect subsidiaries, or, as applicable, the Predecessor.
Blocker Company” refers to an entity affiliated with Centerbridge that was an indirect owner of LLC Interests in GoHealth Holdings, LLC prior to the Transactions and is taxable as a corporation for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
Blocker Shareholders” refer to entities affiliated with Centerbridge, the owners of the Blocker Company prior to the Transactions, who exchanged their interests in the Blocker Company for shares of our Class A common stock and cash in connection with the consummation of the Transactions.
Centerbridge” refers to Centerbridge Capital Partners III, L.P., our sponsor and a Delaware limited partnership, certain funds affiliated with Centerbridge Capital Partners III, L.P. and other entities over which Centerbridge Capital Partners III, L.P. has voting control (including any such fund or entity formed to hold shares of Class A common stock for the Blocker Shareholders).
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  1


Centerbridge Acquisition” or “Acquisition” refers to the acquisition, on September 13, 2019, by Centerbridge, indirectly through a subsidiary of GoHealth Holdings, LLC (formerly known as Blizzard Parent, LLC), an entity formed in contemplation of the acquisition, of a 100% interest in Norvax.
Continuing Equity Owners” refer collectively to direct or indirect holders of LLC Interests and our Class B common stock immediately following consummation of the Transactions, including Centerbridge, Norwest, NVX Holdings, our Founders, the Former Profits Unit Holders and certain executive officers, employees and other minority investors and their respective permitted transferees who may, following the consummation of our IPO, exchange at each of their respective options (subject in certain circumstances to time-based vesting requirements and certain other restrictions), in whole or in part from time to time, their LLC Interests (along with an equal number of shares of Class B common stock (and such shares shall be immediately cancelled)) for, at our election (determined solely by our independent directors (within the meaning of the listing rules of The Nasdaq Global Market (the “Nasdaq rules”)) who are disinterested), cash or newly-issued shares of our Class A common stock.
Founders” refer to Brandon M. Cruz, our Co-Founder and Chief Strategy Officer and Special Advisor to the Executive Team, and Clinton P. Jones, our Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer.
Former Profits Unit Holders” refers collectively to certain of our directors and certain current and former officers and employees, in each case, who directly or indirectly held existing vested and unvested profits units, which were comprised of profits units that have time-based vesting conditions and profits units that have performance-based vesting conditions, of GoHealth Holdings, LLC pursuant to GoHealth Holdings, LLC’s existing profits unit plan and who received LLC Interests in exchange for their profits units in connection with the Transactions. LLC Interests received in exchange for unvested profits units remain subject to their existing time-based vesting requirements. Profit units with performance-based vesting conditions fully vested as such conditions were met in connection with our IPO.
GoHealth Holdings, LLC Agreement” refers to GoHealth Holdings, LLC’s amended and restated limited liability company agreement, as further amended, which became effective substantially concurrently with or prior to the consummation of our IPO.
LLC Interests” refer to the common units of GoHealth Holdings, LLC, including those that we purchased with a portion of the net proceeds from our IPO.
Norwest” refers to Norwest Equity Partners and certain funds affiliated with Norwest Equity Partners.
Norvax” or “Predecessor” refers to Norvax, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and a subsidiary of GoHealth Holdings, LLC.
NVX Holdings” refers to NVX Holdings, Inc., a Delaware corporation that is controlled by the Founders.
Original Equity Owners” refer to the owners of LLC Interests in GoHealth Holdings, LLC prior to the consummation of the Transactions, collectively, which include Centerbridge, Norwest, our Founders and certain executive officers, employees and other minority investors.
Transactions” refer to our IPO and certain organizational transactions that were effected in connection with our IPO, and the application of the net proceeds therefrom. See Note 1, “Description Of Business And Significant Accounting Policies,” to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a description of the Transactions.
GoHealth, Inc. is a holding company and the sole managing member of GoHealth Holdings, LLC, and its principal asset consists of LLC Interests.
KEY TERMS AND PERFORMANCE INDICATORS; NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
Throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we use a number of key terms and provide a number of key performance indicators used by management. We define these terms and key performance indicators as follows:
Approved Submissions” refer to Submitted Policies approved by carriers for the identified product during the indicated period.
Adjusted EBITDA” represents, as applicable for the period, EBITDA as further adjusted for share-based compensation expense, non-recurring legal fees, change in fair value of contingent consideration liability, and severance costs.
Adjusted EBITDA margin” refers to Adjusted EBITDA divided by net revenues.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  2


CAC” refers to the cost to convert a prospect into a customer less other non-commission carrier revenue for such period. CAC is comprised of cost of revenue, marketing and advertising expenses and customer care and enrollment expenses less enterprise revenue and is presented on a per commissionable Approved Submission basis.
EBITDA” represents net income (loss) before interest expense, income tax expense (benefit) and depreciation and amortization expense.
LTV” refers to the Lifetime Value of Commissions per Approved Submission, which we define as (i) aggregate commissions estimated to be collected over the estimated life of all commissionable Approved Submissions for the relevant period based on multiple factors, including but not limited to, contracted commission rates, carrier mix and expected policy persistency with applied constraints.
LTV Per Approved Submission” refers to the Lifetime Value of Commissions per Approved Submission, which we define as (i) aggregate commissions estimated to be collected over the estimated life of all commissionable Approved Submissions for the relevant period based on multiple factors, including but not limited to, contracted commission rates, carrier mix and expected policy persistency with applied constraints, excluding revenue adjustments recorded in the period, but relating to performance obligations satisfied in prior periods, divided by (ii) the number of commissionable Approved Submissions for such period.
LTV/CAC” refers to the Lifetime Value of Commissions per Consumer Acquisition Cost, which we define as (i) aggregate commissions estimated to be collected over the estimated life of all commissionable Approved Submissions for the relevant period based on multiple factors, including but not limited to, contracted commission rates, carrier mix and expected policy persistency with applied constraints, or LTV, divided by (ii) the cost to convert a prospect into a customer less other non-commission carrier revenue for such period, or CAC. CAC is comprised of cost of revenue, marketing and advertising expenses and customer care and enrollment expenses less enterprise revenue and is presented on a per commissionable Approved Submission basis.
Submitted Policies” refer to completed applications that, with respect to each such application, the consumer has authorized us to submit to the carrier.
We use supplemental measures of our performance that are derived from our consolidated financial information, but which are not presented in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). These non-GAAP financial measures include EBITDA; Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary financial performance measure used by management to evaluate its business and monitor its results of operations.
We use non-GAAP financial measures to supplement financial information presented on a GAAP basis. We believe that excluding certain items from our GAAP results allows management to better understand our consolidated financial performance from period to period and better project our future consolidated financial performance as forecasts are developed at a level of detail different from that used to prepare GAAP-based financial measures. Moreover, we believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide our stakeholders with useful information to help them evaluate our operating results by facilitating an enhanced understanding of our operating performance and enabling them to make more meaningful period to period comparisons. There are limitations to the use of the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. For example, our non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently than we do, limiting the usefulness of those measures for comparative purposes.
The non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered as indicators of performance in isolation from or as a substitute for net income (loss) prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should be read only in conjunction with financial information presented on a GAAP basis. Reconciliations of each of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, net income (loss), are presented in the tables below in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We encourage you to review the reconciliations in conjunction with the presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures for each of the periods presented. In future periods, we may exclude similar items, may incur income and expenses similar to these excluded items and include other expenses, costs and non-recurring items.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  3


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
GOHEALTH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Net revenues:
Commission$173,981 $112,510 
Enterprise30,198 28,500 
Net revenues204,179 141,010 
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenue48,375 42,134 
Marketing and advertising54,484 26,073 
Customer care and enrollment47,094 23,978 
Technology9,617 4,593 
General and administrative19,693 10,491 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liability 4,400 
Amortization of intangible assets23,514 23,514 
Total operating expenses202,777 135,183 
Income (loss) from operations1,402 5,827 
Interest expense8,688 6,756 
Other (income) expense, net13 10 
Income (loss) before income taxes(7,299)(939)
Income tax expense (benefit)(31)(2)
Net income (loss)(7,268)(937)
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(5,178) 
Net income (loss) attributable to GoHealth, Inc.$(2,090)$(937)
Net loss per share (Note 7):
Net loss per share of Class A common stock — basic and diluted$(0.02)
Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding — basic and diluted92,343 
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  4


GOHEALTH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands, unaudited)
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Net income (loss)$(7,268)$(937)
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Foreign currency translation adjustments7 (85)
Comprehensive income (loss)(7,261)(1,022)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(5,173) 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to GoHealth, Inc.$(2,088)$(1,022)
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  5


GOHEALTH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)
Mar. 31, 2021Dec. 31, 2020
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$173,979 $144,234 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $730 in 2021 and $787 in 2020
22,092 14,211 
Receivable from NVX Holdings, Inc. 3,395 
Commissions receivable - current98,222 188,128 
Prepaid expense and other current assets26,496 41,854 
Total current assets320,789 391,822 
Commissions receivable - non-current702,668 622,270 
Other long-term assets2,170 2,072 
Property, equipment, and capitalized software, net20,984 17,353 
Intangible assets, net665,211 688,726 
Goodwill386,553 386,553 
Total assets$2,098,375 $2,108,796 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable$11,993 $8,733 
Accrued liabilities26,143 26,926 
Commissions payable - current47,554 78,478 
Deferred revenue750 736 
Current portion of long-term debt4,170 4,170 
Other current liabilities9,037 8,328 
Total current liabilities99,647 127,371 
Non-current liabilities:
Commissions payable - non-current202,703 182,596 
Long-term debt, net of current portion395,982 396,400 
Other non-current liabilities3,037 3,274 
Total non-current liabilities601,722 582,270 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 10)
Stockholders’ equity:
Class A common stock – $0.0001 par value; 1,100,000 shares authorized; 98,518 and 84,196 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
10 8 
Class B common stock – $0.0001 par value; 604,613 and 619,004 shares authorized; 222,606 and 236,997 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively.
22 24 
Preferred stock – $0.0001 par value; 20,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020.
  
Additional paid-in capital465,936 399,169 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)19 17 
Accumulated deficit(20,892)(18,802)
Total stockholders’ equity attributable to GoHealth, Inc.445,095 380,416 
Non-controlling interests951,911 1,018,739 
Total stockholders’ equity1,397,006 1,399,155 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,098,375 $2,108,796 
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  6


GOHEALTH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ / MEMBERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands, unaudited)
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021
Class A Common StockClass B Common Stock
SharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Non-Controlling InterestStockholders’ Equity
Balance at Jan. 1, 202184,196 $8 236,997 $24 $399,169 $(18,802)$17 $1,018,739 $1,399,155 
Issuance of Class A common shares upon vesting of restricted stock units12 — — 
Net loss(2,090)(5,178)(7,268)
Share-based compensation expense5,112 5,112 
Foreign currency translation adjustment2 5 7 
Forfeitures of Time-Vesting Units(81)— 
Redemption of LLC Interests14,310 2 (14,310)(2)61,655 (61,655) 
Balance at Mar. 31, 202198,518 $10 222,606 $22 $465,936 $(20,892)$19 $951,911 $1,397,006 
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Class A Common StockClass B Common Stock
Members’ EquitySharesAmountSharesAmountAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated DeficitAccumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)Stockholders’ Equity
Balance at Jan. 1, 2020$860,144  $  $ $ $ $ $ 
Issuance of common units10,000 — 
Net loss(937)— 
Share-based compensation expense479 — 
Foreign currency translation adjustment(85)— 
Balance at Mar. 31, 2020$869,602  $  $ $ $ $ $ 
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  7


GOHEALTH, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands, unaudited)
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Operating Activities
Net income (loss)$(7,268)$(937)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
Share-based compensation5,112 479 
Depreciation and amortization1,853 633 
Amortization of intangible assets23,514 23,514 
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs684 394 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration 4,400 
Other non-cash items(472)(341)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable(1,661)9,302 
Commissions receivable9,508 (5,859)
Prepaid expenses and other assets9,227 9,007 
Accounts payable1,570 (864)
Accrued liabilities(783)(10,828)
Deferred revenue13 (351)
Commissions payable(10,818)(5,441)
Other liabilities723 479 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities31,202 23,587 
Investing Activities
Purchases of property, equipment and software(3,740)(3,522)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities(3,740)(3,522)
Financing Activities
Proceeds received upon issuance of common units 10,000 
Borrowings under term loans 117,000 
Principal payments under term loans(1,043)(750)
Debt issuance cost payments (6,011)
Principal payments under capital lease obligations(76)(72)
Cash received on advancement to NVX Holdings, Inc.3,395  
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities2,276 120,167 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents7 (85)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents29,745 140,147 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period144,234 12,276 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period$173,979 $152,423 
Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
Purchases of property, equipment and software included in accounts payable$1,690 $1,439 
The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  8


GOHEALTH, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited)
1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business
GoHealth, Inc. (the “Company”) is a leading health insurance marketplace and Medicare-focused digital health company whose mission is to improve access to healthcare in America. The Company works with insurance carriers to provide solutions to efficiently enroll individuals in health insurance plans. The Company’s proprietary technology platform leverages modern machine-learning algorithms powered by nearly two decades of insurance purchasing behavior to reimagine the optimal process for helping individuals find the best health insurance plan for their specific needs. The Company’s insurance agents leverage the power of its vertically integrated customer acquisition platform to enroll members in Medicare and individual and family plans. Certain of the Company’s operations do business as GoHealth, LLC (“GoHealth”), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company that was founded in 2001.
The Company was incorporated in Delaware on March 27, 2020 for the purpose of facilitating an initial public offering and other related transactions in order to carry on the business of GoHealth Holdings, LLC (formerly known as Blizzard Parent, LLC), a Delaware limited liability company, and its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, "GHH, LLC"). On July 17, 2020, the Company completed an initial public offering of 43,500 shares of its Class A common stock at a public offering price of $21.00 per share (“the IPO”), receiving approximately $852.4 million in net proceeds, after deducting the underwriting discount and offering expenses.
Pursuant to a reorganization into a holding company structure, the Company is a holding company and its principal asset is a controlling equity interest in GHH, LLC. As the sole managing member of GHH, LLC, the Company operates and controls all of the business and affairs of GHH, LLC, and through GHH, LLC and its subsidiaries, conducts its business.
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
In connection with the Company’s IPO, the Company completed a series of organizational transactions (the “Transactions”). The Transactions included:
The amendment and restatement of the existing limited liability company agreement of GHH, LLC to, among other things, (1) recapitalize all existing ownership interests in GHH, LLC (including profits units awarded under the existing limited liability company agreement of GHH, LLC) and (2) appoint the Company as the sole managing member of GHH, LLC upon its acquisition of LLC Interests in connection with the IPO;
the amendment and restatement of the Company’s certificate of incorporation to, among other things, provide for (1) Class A common stock, with each share of the Company’s Class A common stock entitling its holder to economic rights and one vote per share on all matters presented to stockholders generally and (2) Class B common stock, with each share of the Company’s Class B common stock being a non-economic share but entitling its holder to one vote per share on all matters presented to stockholders generally (provided that shares of Class B common stock may only be held by the Continuing Equity Owners and their respective permitted transferees);
the issuance of 307,980 shares of the Company's Class B common stock, including the issuance of 229,399 such shares to the Continuing Equity Owners, which is equal to the number of LLC Interests held directly or indirectly by such Continuing Equity Owners immediately following the Transactions, for nominal consideration;
the issuance of 43,500 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock to the purchasers in the IPO in exchange for net proceeds, after taking into account the underwriting discount and offering expenses payable by the Company, of approximately $852.4 million;
the acquisition by the Company of the Blocker Company in a merger transaction (the “Blocker Merger”), which Blocker Company held 45,503 LLC interests and a corresponding amount of the Company’s Class B common stock (which shares were cancelled after the Blocker Merger), in exchange for 40,683 shares of the Company’s Class A common stock and payment of $96.2 million in cash to Blocker Shareholders;
the use of the remaining net proceeds from the IPO to (i) pay $508.3 million in cash to redeem 25,480 LLC Interests held directly or indirectly by the Continuing Equity Owners, (ii) satisfy in full $100.0 million in aggregate face amount of senior preferred earnout units in connection with the Transactions, and (iii) use for general corporate purposes; and
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  9


the Company entered into (1) a stockholders’ agreement with Centerbridge and NVX Holdings, Inc., (2) a registration rights agreement with certain of the Continuing Equity Owners and (3) a tax receivable agreement with GHH, LLC, the Continuing Equity Owners and the Blocker Shareholders.
In connection with the IPO, the Company became the sole managing member of GHH, LLC and controls the management of GHH, LLC. As a result, the Company consolidates GHH, LLC’s financial results in its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and reports a non-controlling interest for the economic interest in GHH, LLC held by the Continuing Equity Owners. Substantially concurrently with the consummation of the IPO, the existing limited liability company agreement of GHH, LLC was amended and restated to, among other things, recapitalize its capital structure by creating a single new class of units (the “common units”) and provide for a right of redemption of common units (subject in certain circumstances to time-based vesting requirements and certain other restrictions) in exchange for, at the Company’s election, cash or newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis. In connection with any redemption, the Company will receive a corresponding number of common units, increasing the Company’s total ownership interest in GHH, LLC.
Immediately following the completion of the Transactions and the IPO, the Company owned 26.8% of the economic interests in GHH, LLC, while the Continuing Equity Owners owned the remaining 73.2% of the economic interests in GHH, LLC. Net income and loss is allocated to the Continuing Equity Owners on a pro rata basis, assuming that any Class B common units that are subject to time-based vesting requirements are fully vested.
The Transactions were considered transactions between entities under common control. As a result, the financial statements for periods prior to the IPO and the Transactions have been adjusted to combine the previously separate entities for presentation purposes.
GHH, LLC is a holding company with no operating assets or operations and was formed to acquire a 100% equity interest in Norvax, LLC (“Norvax”). On May 6, 2020, Blizzard Parent, LLC changed its name to GoHealth Holdings, LLC. GHH, LLC owns 100% of Blizzard Midco, LLC, which owns 100% of Norvax. For all of the periods reported in these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, GHH, LLC has not and does not have any material operations on a standalone basis, and all of the operations of GHH, LLC are carried out by Norvax. On August 15, 2019, GHH, LLC entered into a series of arrangements to acquire 100% of the equity interest in Norvax. On September 13, 2019, Blizzard Merger Sub LLC, a transitory merger company of Blizzard Midco, LLC, merged into Norvax, with Norvax continuing as the surviving limited liability company and GHH, LLC's operating entity (the “Acquisition”).
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information, but do not include all information and footnote disclosures required under U.S. GAAP for annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, the interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows as of the dates and for the periods presented. All intercompany transactions and balances are eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current period presentation, including a reclassification of unbilled receivables that was previously reported within accounts receivables, net to prepaid expenses and other current assets within the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Refer to Note 9, “Revenue,” for information on unbilled receivables. These reclassifications had no impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments, and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that management believes are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates. There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as discussed in the notes to the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2020.
Seasonality
A greater number of the Company’s Medicare-related health insurance plans are sold in its fourth quarter during the Medicare annual enrollment period when Medicare-eligible individuals are permitted to change their Medicare Advantage and Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage for the following year. As a result, the Company’s Medicare plan-related commission revenue is typically highest in the Company’s fourth quarter.
The majority of the Company’s individual and family health insurance plans are sold in its fourth quarter during the annual open enrollment period as defined under the federal Patient Protection and ACA and related amendments in the Health Care and
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  10


Education Reconciliation Act. Individuals and families generally are not able to purchase individual and family health insurance outside of the open enrollment period, unless they qualify for a special enrollment period as a result of certain qualifying events, such as losing employer-sponsored health insurance or moving to another state. As a result, the Company’s individual and family plan-related commission revenue is typically highest in the Company’s fourth quarter.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
The Company qualifies as an “emerging growth company” pursuant to the provisions of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (“JOBS Act”). The JOBS Act allows an emerging growth company to delay adoption of new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies until such standards are applicable to private companies. The Company has elected to use the adoption dates applicable to private companies. In the event that the Company no longer meets the requirements of being an emerging growth company, the effective adoption dates of such standards would be that of non-emerging growth companies.
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The guidance specifies that lessees will need to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all their leases except those which meet the definition of a short-term lease. For income statement purposes, the FASB retained a dual model, requiring leases to be classified as either operating or financing. Classification will be based on criteria that are similar to those applied in current lease accounting, but without explicit bright lines. Per ASU 2020-05, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) and Leases (Topic 842): effective Dates for Certain Entities, issued June 2020, the guidance in ASU 2016-2, as amended, is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact it will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures.
In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-11, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), which amends the guidance for accounting for assets that are potentially subject to credit risk. The amendments affect contract assets, loans, debt securities, trade receivables, net investments in leases, off-balance-sheet credit exposures, reinsurance receivables, and any other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash. Per ASU 2019-10, issued November 2019, the guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the new guidance to determine the impact it will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes (Topic 740). The guidance simplifies the accounting for income taxes and is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2021. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact to its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related disclosures.
2. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques the Company uses to measure fair value maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The Company classifies the inputs used to measure fair value into the following hierarchy:
Level 1 InputsUnadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 InputsUnadjusted quoted prices in active markets for similar assets or liabilities; unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability.
Level 3 InputsUnobservable inputs for the asset or liability.
Fair Value Measurements
In connection with the Acquisition, GHH, LLC agreed to pay additional contingent consideration if certain financial targets are achieved. The fair value of the contingent consideration liability was measured using a Monte Carlo simulation and is discounted using a rate that appropriately captures the risk associated with the obligation. In connection with the IPO, a significant shareholder assumed the outstanding contingent consideration liability and the Company recorded the settlement of the $62.4 million liability as an increase to additional paid-in capital.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  11


The following table sets forth the changes to the fair value of the contingent consideration for the three months ended March 31, 2020.
(in thousands)
Balance at Dec. 31, 2019$242,700 
2020 earnout fair value adjustment4,400 
Balance at Mar. 31, 2020$247,100 
The carrying amount of certain financial instruments, including cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, commissions receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and commissions payable approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments. Commissions receivable are recorded at constrained lifetime values. The carrying value of debt approximates fair value due to the variable nature of interest rates.
3. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
Goodwill
During 2019, the Company allocated $380.3 million and $6.2 million of the goodwill recognized in connection with the Acquisition to its Medicare—Internal segment and Medicare—External segment, respectively, based on an estimate of the relative fair value of each reportable segment.
The Company tests goodwill for impairment at the reporting unit level annually and whenever events or circumstances make it more likely than not that an impairment may have occurred. A reporting unit is an operating segment or one level below an operating segment to which goodwill is assigned when initially recorded. The Company has four reporting units, which are the same as its four operating segments.
There was no impairment of goodwill for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
Intangible Assets
The gross carrying amounts, accumulated amortization and net carrying amounts of the Company’s definite-lived amortizable intangible assets, as well as its indefinite-lived intangible trade names, are as follows:
Mar. 31, 2021
(in thousands)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Developed technology$496,000 $109,829 $386,171 
Customer relationships232,000 35,960 196,040 
Total intangible assets subject to amortization$728,000 $145,789 $582,211 
Indefinite-lived trade names83,000 
Total intangible assets$665,211 
Dec. 31, 2020
(in thousands)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Developed technology$496,000 $92,114 $403,886 
Customer relationships232,000 30,160 201,840 
Total intangible assets subject to amortization$728,000 $122,274 $605,726 
Indefinite-lived trade names83,000 
Total intangible assets$688,726 
There was no impairment of intangible assets for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  12


As of March 31, 2021, expected amortization expense related to intangible assets for each of the five succeeding years is as follows:
(in thousands)Developed TechnologyCustomer RelationshipsTotal
Remainder of 2021$53,142 $17,400 $70,542 
202270,857 23,200 94,057 
202370,857 23,200 94,057 
202470,857 23,200 94,057 
202570,857 23,200 94,057 
Thereafter49,601 85,840 135,441 
Total$386,171 $196,040 $582,211 
4. LONG-TERM DEBT
The Company’s long-term debt consisted of the following:
(in thousands)Mar. 31, 2021Dec. 31, 2020
Credit Facilities$411,330 $412,373 
Less: Unamortized debt discount and issuance costs(11,178)(11,803)
Total debt400,152 400,570 
Less: Current portion of long-term debt(4,170)(4,170)
Total long-term-debt$395,982 $396,400 
On September 13, 2019, in connection with the Acquisition, Norvax (“the Borrower”) entered into a first lien credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) which provides for a (i) $300.0 million aggregate principal amount senior secured term loan facility (the “Term Loan Facility”) and (ii) $30.0 million aggregate principal amount senior secured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility").
During 2020, the Company entered into a series of amendments to the Credit Agreement to provide for (i) $117.0 million of incremental term loans (the “Incremental Term Loan Facility”) and (ii) $28.0 million of incremental revolving credit (the “Incremental Revolving Credit Facilities”).
The Company collectively refers to the Term Loan Facility, the Revolving Credit Facility, the Incremental Term Loan Facility, and the Incremental Revolving Credit Facilities as the “Credit Facilities”.
As of March 31, 2021, the Company had a principal amount of $295.5 million and $115.8 million outstanding on the Term Loan Facility and Incremental Term Loan Facility, respectively. The effective interest rate was 7.5% at both March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020. The Company had no amounts outstanding on the Revolving Credit Facility and the Incremental Revolving Credit Facilities, which had a remaining capacity of $58.0 million in the aggregate as of March 31, 2021.
Borrowings under the Credit Facilities are, at the option of the Borrower, either (i) alternate base rate (“ABR”) plus 5.50% per annum or (ii) LIBOR plus 6.50% per annum. In addition to paying interest on the principal amounts outstanding under the Credit Facilities, the Borrower is required to pay a commitment fee of 0.50% per annum under the Revolving Credit Facility and Incremental Revolving Credit Facilities.
The Term Loan Facility and Incremental Term Loan Facility are payable in quarterly installments in the principal amount of 0.25% of the original principal amount. The remaining unpaid balance on the Term Loan Facility and Incremental Term Loan Facility, together with all accrued and unpaid interest thereon, is due and payable on or prior to September 13, 2025. Outstanding borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility and the Incremental Revolving Credit Facilities do not amortize and are due and payable on September 13, 2024.
The Borrower’s obligations under the Credit Facilities are guaranteed by Blizzard Midco, LLC and certain of the Borrower’s subsidiaries. All obligations under the Credit Agreement are secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of the assets of the Borrower, including a pledge of all of the equity interests of its subsidiaries. The Credit Agreement contains customary events of default and financial and non-financial covenants. The Company is in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2021.
On May 7, 2021, the Company entered into a fourth amendment to the Credit Agreement, which provided $142.0 million of incremental revolving credit (the “Incremental No. 4 Revolving Credit Facility”). Outstanding borrowings will be due and payable on September 13, 2024. Interest, fees, prepayment terms, covenants and other matters are the same as those under the Credit Facilities.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  13


5. STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY AND MEMBERS' EQUITY
In connection with the Company’s IPO in July 2020, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws. The amended and restated certificate of incorporation authorizes the issuance of up to 1,100,000 shares of Class A common stock, 690,000 shares of Class B common stock and 20,000 shares of preferred stock, each having a par value of $0.0001 per share. The number of shares of Class B common stock authorized is reduced for redemptions and forfeitures as they occur.
The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation and the GoHealth Holdings, LLC Agreement require that the Company and GoHealth Holdings, LLC at all times maintain a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of Class A common stock issued by the Company and the number of LLC Interests owned by the Company, except as otherwise determined by the Company. Additionally, the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation and the GoHealth Holdings, LLC Agreement require that the Company and GoHealth Holdings, LLC at all times maintain a one-to-one ratio between the number of shares of Class B common stock owned by the Continuing Equity Owners and their respective permitted transferees and the number of LLC Interests owned by the Continuing Equity Owners and their respective permitted transferees, except as otherwise determined by the Company. Only the Continuing Equity Owners and the permitted transferees of Class B common stock are permitted to hold shares of Class B common stock. Shares of Class B common stock are transferable for shares of Class A common stock only together with an equal number of LLC Interests.
Holders of shares of the Company’s Class A common stock are entitled to one vote for each share held of record on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Each share of Class B common stock entitles its holders to one vote per share on all matters presented to the Company’s stockholders generally. Holders of shares of Class B common stock will vote together with holders of the Company’s Class A common stock as a single class on all matters presented to the Company’s stockholders for their vote or approval, except for certain amendments to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation or as otherwise required by applicable law or the amended and restated certificate of incorporation. Holders of our Class B common stock are not entitled to participate in any dividends declared by our board of directors. Under the terms of the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, the Company’s board of directors is authorized to direct the Company to issue shares of preferred stock in one or more series without stockholder approval. The Company’s board of directors has the discretion to determine the rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, dividend rights, conversion rights, redemption privileges and liquidation preferences, of each series of preferred stock.
The Continuing Equity Owners may, subject to certain exceptions, from time to time at each of their options require GoHealth Holdings, LLC to redeem all or a portion of their LLC Interests in exchange for, at the Company’s election (determined by at least two of the Company’s independent directors who are disinterested), newly-issued shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis, or to the extent there is cash available from a secondary offering, a cash payment equal to a volume weighted average market price of one share of the Company’s Class A common stock for each LLC Interest so redeemed, in each case, in accordance with the terms of the GoHealth Holdings, LLC Agreement.
The weighted average ownership percentages for the applicable reporting periods are used to attribute net income (loss) and other comprehensive income (loss) to the Company and the non-controlling interest holders. The non-controlling interest holders' weighted average ownership percentage for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and as of December 31, 2020 was 71.2% and 73.8%, respectively.
Upon the Company’s dissolution or liquidation, after payment in full of all amounts required to be paid to creditors and to the holders of preferred stock having liquidation preferences, if any, holders of Class A common stock and Class B common stock will be entitled to receive ratable portions of the Company’s remaining assets available for distribution; provided, that the holders of Class B common stock shall not be entitled to receive more than $0.0001 per share of Class B common stock and upon receiving such amount, shall not be entitled to receive any of the Company’s other assets or funds with respect to such shares of Class B common stock.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  14


6. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION PLANS
The following table summarizes share-based compensation expense by operating function for the periods presented:
(in thousands)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Marketing and advertising$337 $57 
Customer care and enrollment796 24 
Technology747 73 
General and administrative3,232 325 
Total share-based compensation expense$5,112 $479 
Performance Stock Units (“PSUs”)
During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company granted to certain of its employees 489 shares of Class A common stock issuable pursuant to PSUs. The criteria for the market-based PSUs is based on the Company’s total shareholder return (“TSR”) relative to the TSR of the common stock of a pre-defined industry peer group. TSR is measured at the end of the performance period, which is generally the period commencing on the grant date and ending on the three-year anniversary of the grant date. Depending on the relative TSR achieved, the number of PSUs earned can vary from 0% of the target award to a maximum of 200% of the target award. The Company estimated the grant-date fair value of the awards subject to a market condition using a Monte Carlo simulation model, using the following weighted-average assumptions: risk-free interest rate of 0.2% and annualized volatility of 72.0%. The grant date fair value of the PSUs was $22.17. The Company recognizes the grant date fair value of PSUs as compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the three-year performance period. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded share-based compensation expense related to PSUs of $0.5 million.
2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“2020 ESPP”)
On July 7, 2020, the Company adopted the 2020 ESPP. The first offering period of the 2020 ESPP commenced on January 1, 2021, and will expire on June 30, 2021. The purpose of the 2020 ESPP is to provide the Company's eligible employees with an opportunity to purchase designated shares of the Company’s Class A common stock at a price equal to 85% of the lower of the closing price at the beginning or end of each offering period. As of March 31, 2021, the Company had not issued any shares through the ESPP and recorded share-based compensation expense related to the 2020 ESPP of $0.1 million.
7. NET LOSS PER SHARE
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to GoHealth, Inc. by the weighted-average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed giving effect to all potentially dilutive shares. Diluted loss per share for all periods presented is the same as basic loss per share as the inclusion of potentially issuable shares would be antidilutive.
Prior to the IPO, the GHH, LLC membership structure included Preferred units, Senior Preferred Earnout Units, Class A common units, Class B common units and Profit Units. The Company analyzed the calculation of earnings per unit for periods prior to the IPO using the two-class method and determined that it resulted in values that would not be meaningful to the users of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Therefore, earnings per share information has not been presented for periods prior to the IPO on July 17, 2020.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  15


A reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share of Class A common stock is as follows:
(in thousands, except per share amounts)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021
Numerator:
Net loss$(7,268)
Less: Net loss attributable to non-controlling interests(5,178)
Net loss attributable to GoHealth, Inc.(2,090)
Denominator:
Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding—basic92,343 
Effect of dilutive securities 
Weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding—diluted92,343 
Net loss per share of Class A common stock—basic and diluted$(0.02)
The following number of shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share because the effect of including such potentially dilutive shares would have been antidilutive:
(in thousands)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021
Class A common stock issuable pursuant to equity awards6,539 
Class B common stock222,606 
Shares of Class B common stock do not share in earnings and are not participating securities. Accordingly, separate presentation of loss per share of Class B common stock under the two-class method has not been presented.
For periods prior to the Transactions and the IPO, the reported income taxes represent those of GHH, LLC. As a result of the Transactions and the IPO, the Company became subject to U.S. federal and certain state and local income taxes with respect to its allocable share of any taxable income or loss generated by GHH, LLC. There was no pro forma impact on loss per share to reflect income tax expense at an effective tax rate as the Company determined it is not more likely than not that the tax benefits associated with the deferred tax assets arising from the Transactions and the IPO will be realized.
8. INCOME TAXES
The Company is taxed as a corporation for income tax purposes and is subject to federal, state, and local taxes on the income allocated to it from GHH, LLC based upon the Company’s economic interest in GHH, LLC. The Company is the sole managing member of GHH, LLC and, as a result, consolidates the financial results of GHH, LLC. GHH, LLC is a limited liability company taxed as a partnership for income tax purposes, and the subsidiaries of GHH, LLC are limited liability companies for income tax purposes except for a subsidiary and its foreign subsidiary, which are taxed as a corporation and foreign disregarded entity, respectively. As such, GHH, LLC does not pay any federal income taxes, as income or loss is included in the tax returns of the individual members. Additionally, certain wholly-owned entities taxed as corporations are subject to federal, state, and foreign income taxes in the jurisdictions in which they operate, and accruals for such taxes are included in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. For periods prior to the IPO, the Company’s taxes represent those of GHH, LLC.
The Company’s effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 was 0.42% and 0.21%, respectively. The effective tax rate for each period is lower than the statutory tax rate primarily due to the effect of loss entities for which the Company excludes from its effective tax rate calculation and loss attributable to non-controlling interests.
Tax Receivable Agreement (“TRA”)
In connection with the IPO, the Company entered into a TRA with GHH, LLC, the Continuing Equity Owners and the Blocker Shareholders that will provide for the payment by the Company to the Continuing Equity Owners and the Blocker Shareholders of 85% of the amount of tax benefits, if any, that the Company actually realizes (or in some circumstances is deemed to realize). The amounts payable under the TRA will vary depending upon a number of factors, including the amount, character, and timing of the taxable income of the Company in the future. As of March 31, 2021, the Company has determined there is no resulting liability related to the TRA arising from the Transactions and IPO. Should the Company determine that the TRA liability be considered probable at a future date based on new information, any changes will be recorded within income tax expense (benefit) at that time.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  16


9. REVENUE
Revenue Recognition for Variable Consideration
The Company’s variable consideration includes the total estimated lifetime value (“LTV”) it expects to receive for selling an insurance product after the carrier approves an application. The consideration is variable based on the amount of time it estimates a policy will remain in force, which is based on historical experience or carrier experience to the extent available, industry data, and expectations as to future retention rates. Additionally, the Company considers the application of a constraint and only recognizes the amount of variable consideration that it believes is probable that it will be entitled to receive and will not be subject to a significant revenue reversal in the future.
On a quarterly basis, the Company re-estimates LTV at a vintage level for outstanding vintages, reviews and monitors changes in the data used to estimate LTV, as well as the cash received for each vintage as compared to the original estimates. The difference between cash received for each vintage and the respective estimated LTV can be significant and may or may not be indicative of the need to adjust revenue for prior period vintages. Changes in LTV may result in an increase or a decrease to revenue and a corresponding change to commissions receivable. The Company analyzes these differences and to the extent the Company believes differences in the estimates are indicative of a change to prior period LTVs, the Company will adjust revenue for the affected vintages at the time such determination is made and when it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur. As a result of this analysis, for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recorded a negative revenue adjustment of $2.2 million relating to performance obligations satisfied in prior periods. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, there was no revenue adjustment relating to performance obligations satisfied in prior periods.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The table below depicts the disaggregation of revenue by product, and is consistent with how the Company evaluates its financial performance:
(in thousands)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Commission revenue:
Medicare:
Medicare Advantage$168,148 $99,291 
Medicare Supplement784 2,189 
Prescription Drug Plans553 571 
Total Medicare169,485 102,051 
Individual and Family Plan:
Fixed Indemnity2,781 6,779 
Short-term400 1,778 
Major Medical201 186 
Total Individual and Family Plan3,382 8,743 
Ancillary1,108 1,266 
Small Group6 450 
Total commission revenue173,981 112,510 
Enterprise revenue:
Partner Marketing and Enrollment Services21,857 17,401 
Direct Partner Campaigns8,102 7,523 
Other239 3,576 
Total enterprise revenue30,198 28,500 
Net revenues$204,179 $141,010 
Contract Assets and Liabilities
The company records contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers as it relates to commissions receivable, commissions payable and deferred revenue. Commissions receivable represents estimated variable consideration for commissions to be received from insurance carriers for performance obligations that have been satisfied. Commissions payable represents estimated commissions to be paid to the Company’s external agents and other partners. Deferred revenue includes amounts collected for partner marketing and enrollment services and technology licensing and implementation fees in advance of the Company satisfying its performance obligations for such customers. The Company had unbilled receivables for performance-based enrollment fees as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020 of $3.6 million and $12.9 million, respectively,
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  17


which were reclassified to prepaid expenses and other current assets from accounts receivable, net on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The reclassification was based on the Company’s conditional rights to receive consideration based on the services transferred to the customer. Prior period amounts have been reclassified to match the current period presentation. There are no other contract liabilities or contract assets recorded by the Company.
For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized $0.1 million of revenue that was deferred as of December 31, 2020.
Commissions Receivable
Commissions receivable activity is summarized as follows:
(in thousands)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021
Beginning balance$810,398 
Commission revenue173,981 
Cash receipts(183,489)
Ending balance800,890 
Less: Commissions receivable - current98,222 
Commissions receivable - non-current$702,668 
10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Leases
The Company is party to various non-cancelable operating lease agreements for certain of the Company’s offices and data centers with lease periods expiring in 2032. Certain of these arrangements have free rent periods or escalating rent payment provisions, and the Company recognizes rent expense under such arrangements on a straight-line basis.
Legal Proceedings
In September 2020, three purported securities class action complaints were filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against the Company, certain of its officers and directors, and certain underwriters, private equity firms, and investment vehicles alleging violations of the Securities Act of 1933. On December 10, 2020 the court in the earliest filed action consolidated the three complaints, appointed lead plaintiffs and lead counsel for the consolidated action, and captioned the consolidated action In re GoHealth, Inc. Securities Litigation. Lead plaintiffs filed a consolidated complaint on February 25, 2021. Defendants filed responsive pleadings on April 26, 2021 to dismiss the complaint. The Company disputes each and every of plaintiffs’ claims and intends to defend the matter vigorously.
11. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
The Company is party to various lease agreements with 214 W Huron LLC, 220 W Huron Street Holdings LLC, and 215 W Superior LLC, each of which are controlled by significant shareholders, to lease its corporate offices in Chicago, Illinois. The Company pays rent, operating expenses, maintenance, and utilities under the terms of the leases. For both the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company made aggregate lease payments of $0.3 million under these leases.
On January 1, 2020, the Company entered into a non-exclusive aircraft dry lease agreement with an entity wholly-owned and controlled by certain significant shareholders. The agreement allows the Company to use an aircraft owned by this entity for business and on an as-needed basis. The agreement has no set term and is terminable without cause by either party upon 30 days’ prior written notice. Under the agreement, the Company is required to pay $6,036.94 per flight hour for use of the aircraft. For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded expense of $0.1 million and $0.7 million, respectively, under this lease.
On May 12, 2020, the Company entered into a lease agreement with Wilson Tech 5, which is controlled by significant shareholders, for a proposed site in Lindon, Utah, beginning in 2022. The Company will not have access to the leased premises until construction is complete (“commencement date”) and is not deemed to be the owner during the construction period. This lease agreement expires ten years after the commencement date. The Company did not make any lease payments during the three months ended March 31, 2021 under this lease. The initial base annual rent will be approximately $4.6 million beginning in mid-2022.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  18


During the twelve months ended December 31, 2020, the Company provided a short-term advancement to NVX Holdings, Inc., which is controlled by significant shareholders, for which the Company recorded a receivable of $3.4 million. The advancement was collected by the Company during the three months ended March 31, 2021.
12. OPERATING SEGMENTS AND SIGNIFICANT CUSTOMERS
Operating Segments
The Company reports segment information based on how the Company’s chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) regularly reviews operating results, allocates resources and makes decisions regarding business operations. The performance measures of the segments include total revenue and profit (loss). For segment reporting purposes in accordance with ASC 280-10, Segment Reporting, the Company’s business structure is comprised of four operating and reportable segments:
Medicare Internal and External: The Medicare internal and external segments consist primarily of revenues earned from sales of Medicare Advantage, Medicare Supplement, Prescription Drug Plans, and Medicare Special Needs Plans (or “SNPs”), for multiple carriers.
Individual and Family Plan and Other (“IFP and Other”) Internal and External: The IFP and Other internal and external segments consist primarily of revenues earned from sales of individual and family plans, dental plans, vision plans and other ancillary plans to individuals that are not Medicare-eligible.
The Internal and External segments relative to both Medicare and IFP are defined as follows:
Internal: The two internal segments primarily consist of sales of products and plans by Company-employed agents offering qualified prospects plans from multiple carriers, Company-employed agents offering qualified prospects plans on a carrier-specific basis, or sales of products and plans through our online platform without the assistance of our agents (do-it-yourself or “DIY”). The Company earns revenue in this channel through commissions paid by carriers based on sales the Company generates, as well as enrollment fees, hourly fees and other fees for services performed for specific carriers and other partners.
External: The two external segments represent sales of products and plans under the Company’s carrier contracts using an independent, national network of agents who are not employed by the Company. These agents utilize the Company’s technology and platform to enroll consumers in health insurance plans and provide a means to earn a return on leads that otherwise may have not been addressed. The Company also sells insurance prospects (or “leads”) to agencies within this channel. The Company earns revenue in this channel through commissions paid by carriers as a result of policy sales, as well as sales of leads to external agencies.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  19


The following table presents summary results of the Company’s operating segments for the periods indicated:
(in thousands)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Net revenues:
Medicare:
Internal channel$157,353 $95,287 
External channel39,500 28,945 
Total Medicare196,853 124,232 
IFP and Other:
Internal channel3,975 8,632 
External channel3,351 8,146 
Total IFP and Other7,326 16,778 
Net revenues204,179 141,010 
Segment profit (loss):
Medicare:
Internal channel46,443 41,735 
External channel(631)(322)
Total Medicare45,812 41,413 
IFP and Other:
Internal channel(729)481 
External channel160 512 
Total IFP and Other(569)993 
Segment profit45,243 42,406 
Corporate expense20,327 8,665 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liability 4,400 
Amortization of intangible assets23,514 23,514 
Interest expense8,688 6,756 
Other (income) expense, net13 10 
Income (loss) before income taxes$(7,299)$(939)
There are no internal revenue transactions between the Company’s operating segments. Substantially all revenue for the periods presented was generated from customers located in the United States. The Company’s CODM does not separately evaluate assets by segment, and therefore assets by segment are not presented. The Company’s assets are primarily located in the United States.
Significant Customers
The following table presents carriers representing 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue for the periods indicated:
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Anthem30 %32 %
Humana28 %42 %
United18 %7 %
Centene16 %7 %
Substantially all of the revenue from these customers was from the sales of products and plans within the Medicare—Internal and Medicare—External segments.
Concentration of Credit Risk
The Company does not require collateral or other security in granting credit. As of March 31, 2021, four customers each represented 10% or more of the Company’s total accounts receivable and unbilled receivables and, in aggregate, represented 87%, or $22.4 million, of the combined total. As of December 31, 2020, three customers each represented 10% or more of the Company’s total accounts receivable and unbilled receivables and, in aggregate, represented 86%, or $23.2 million, of the combined total.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  20


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
This section presents management’s perspective on our financial condition and results of operations. The following discussion and analysis is intended to highlight and supplement data and information presented elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes, and should be read in conjunction with the accompanying tables. To the extent that this discussion describes prior performance, the descriptions relate only to the periods listed, which may not be indicative of our future financial outcomes. In addition to historical information, this discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause results to differ materially from management’s expectations. Factors that could cause such differences are discussed under the heading “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and under the heading “Item 1A. Risk Factors.” in the 2020 Form 10-K. We assume no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements.
In certain cases, numbers and percentages in the tables below may not foot due to rounding.
Overview
We are a leading health insurance marketplace and Medicare-focused digital health company whose mission is to improve access to healthcare in America. Our proprietary technology platform leverages modern machine-learning algorithms powered by nearly two decades of insurance behavioral data to reimagine the optimal process for helping individuals find the best health insurance plan for their specific needs. Our differentiated combination of a vertically-integrated consumer acquisition platform and highly skilled and trained agents has enabled us to enroll millions of people in Medicare and individual and family plans since our inception. With a current commissionable market of nearly $30 billion, and nearly 11,000 Americans turning 65 years old every day and our track record of significant growth in net revenues in the Medicare space in the past five years, we believe we will continue to be one of the top choices for unbiased insurance advice to help navigate one of the most important purchasing decisions individuals make.
Business Segments
We have four reportable segments: (i) Medicare—Internal, (ii) Medicare—External, (iii) Individual and Family Plans, or IFP and Other—Internal and (iv) IFP and Other—External. We organize the segments by product type, Medicare and IFP and Other, as well as by distribution channel, internal and external, as further described below. In addition, we separately report other expenses (classified as “Corporate expenses” in our financial statements), the primary components of which are corporate overhead expenses and shared service expenses that have not been allocated to the operating segments. The segment results provided herein may not be comparable to other companies. We refer to the Medicare—Internal and Medicare—External segments collectively as the “Medicare segments” and the IFP and Other—Internal and IFP and Other—External segments as the “IFP and Other segments.”
Medicare—Internal: The Medicare—Internal segment relates to sales of products and plans by GoHealth-employed agents offering qualified prospects plans from multiple carriers, GoHealth-employed agents offering qualified prospects plans on a carrier-specific basis, or sales of products and plans through our online platform without the assistance of our agents, which we refer to as DIY. In this segment, we sell Medicare Advantage, Medicare Supplement, Medicare prescription drug plans, and Medicare Special Needs Plans, or SNPs. We earn revenue in this segment through commissions paid by carriers based on sales we generated, as well as enrollment fees, hourly fees and other fees for services performed for specific carriers and other partners. The Medicare—Internal segment is our largest and fastest growing segment.
Medicare—External: The Medicare—External segment relates to sales of products and plans under GoHealth’s carrier contracts using an independent, national network of agents or external agencies, which are not employed by GoHealth. These agents utilize our technology and platform to enroll consumers in health insurance plans and provide us with a means to earn a return on leads that otherwise may have not been addressed. In this segment, we sell Medicare Advantage, Medicare Supplement, Medicare prescription drug plans, and SNPs. We earn revenue in this segment through commissions paid by carriers as a result of policy sales, as well as sales of consumer leads to external agencies.
IFP and Other—Internal: The IFP and Other—Internal segment relates to sales of products and plans by GoHealth-employed agents offering qualified prospects plans from multiple carriers, GoHealth-employed agents offering qualified prospects plans on a carrier-specific basis, or DIY. In this segment, we sell individual and family plans, dental plans, vision plans and other ancillary plans to individuals who are not Medicare-eligible. We earn revenue in this segment through commissions paid by carriers based on sales we generate, as well as enrollment fees, and hourly fees and other fees for services performed for specific carriers and other partners.
IFP and Other—External: The IFP and Other—External segment relates to sales of products and plans under GoHealth’s carrier contracts using external agencies, who use agents that are not employed by GoHealth. These agents utilize our technology and platform to enroll consumers in health insurance plans. We also sell consumer leads
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  21


generated by us to external agencies. In this segment, we sell individual and family plans, dental plans, vision plans and other ancillary plans to individuals who are not Medicare-eligible. We earn revenue in this segment through commissions paid by carriers as a result of policy sales, as well as sales of consumer leads to external agencies.
The following table presents the percentages of revenues and profit (loss) generated by each of our operating segments for the periods presented:
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Percent of net revenues:
Medicare—Internal77.2 %67.6 %
Medicare—External19.3 %20.5 %
IFP and Other—Internal1.9 %6.1 %
IFP and Other—External1.6 %5.8 %
Total net revenues100.0 %100.0 %
Percent of segment profit (loss):
Medicare—Internal102.6 %98.5 %
Medicare—External(1.4)%(0.8)%
IFP and Other—Internal(1.6)%1.1 %
IFP and Other—External0.4 %1.2 %
Total segment profit100.0 %100.0 %
The Transactions
Our historical results of operations prior to the completion of the Transactions, including the IPO, do not reflect certain items that we expect will affect our results of operations and financial condition after giving effect to the Transactions and the use of proceeds from the IPO.
Following the completion of the Transactions, GoHealth, Inc. became the sole managing member of GoHealth Holdings, LLC. Although we have a minority economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC, we have the sole voting interest in, and control of the business and affairs of, GoHealth Holdings, LLC and its direct and indirect subsidiaries. As a result, GoHealth, Inc. consolidates GoHealth Holdings, LLC and records significant non-controlling interest in a consolidated entity in GoHealth, Inc.’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for the economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC held directly or indirectly by the Continuing Equity Owners. As of March 31, 2021, public investors collectively own 58.7% of our outstanding Class A common stock, consisting of 57,835 shares of Class A common stock. As of March 31, 2021, GoHealth, Inc. owns 98,518 LLC Interests, representing 31.3% of the economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC, the Founders collectively own 97,301 LLC Interests, representing 30.9% of the economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC, Centerbridge owns 80,793 LLC Interests, representing 25.6% of the economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC, and the Continuing Equity Owners collectively own 38,518 LLC Interests, representing 12.2% of the economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC. Accordingly, as of March 31, 2021, the economic interest in GoHealth Holdings, LLC held by non-controlling interest was 68.7%. GoHealth, Inc. is a holding company that conducts no operations and its principal asset is the LLC Interests we purchased from GoHealth Holdings, LLC.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  22


The percentage ownership of total shares of Class A and Class B common stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021, is as follows:
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GoHealth, Inc. is subject to U.S. federal, state and local income taxes with respect to our allocable share of any taxable income of GoHealth Holdings, LLC and is taxed at the prevailing corporate tax rates. In addition to tax expenses, we also incur expenses related to our status as a public company, plus payment obligations under the Tax Receivable Agreement, which could be significant. We intend to cause GoHealth Holdings, LLC to make distributions to us in an amount sufficient to allow us to pay these expenses and fund any payments due under the Tax Receivable Agreement.
Response to COVID-19
With social distancing measures having been implemented to curtail the spread of COVID-19, we successfully transitioned our agents and other employees to a work from home working environment. We believe the investments we have made in our technology infrastructure have allowed for a seamless transition to a remote working environment without any material impacts to our business, highlighting its resilience. We believe that our business is well-suited to navigate the current environment in which consumers are particularly focused on healthcare issues and mortality. While social distancing requirements have pushed consumers to conduct business remotely, the underlying demand dynamics for our core products remain unchanged. Additionally, because of our remote agent platform, we believe agents will continue to be attracted to our bonus-based agent compensation model and the stable and attractive source of income it can provide, thereby allowing us to continue to recruit and retain agents. Further, as consumers become more comfortable with conducting business remotely, we believe consumer adoption of distribution models such as ours may continue to accelerate long after the COVID-19 pandemic ends.
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, we have fully transitioned our existing agents in Chicago, Salt Lake City and Charlotte to work from home. Additionally, we have hired agents in 22 states who are working remotely. These locations were selected because of the depth of available licensed sales talent and our ability to work closely with state regulators and their vendors to expedite the licensing process for new agents and resolve delays related to the COVID-19 pandemic.
There are no comparable recent events which may provide guidance as to the effect of the spread of COVID-19 and a global pandemic, and, as a result, the ultimate impact of the COVID-19 outbreak or a similar health epidemic is highly uncertain and subject to change. We do not yet know the full extent of the impacts on our business, our operations or the global economy as a whole. However, the effects could have a material impact on our results of operations.
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
  23


Results of Operations
The following table sets forth the components of our results of operations for the periods presented:
Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
(in thousands)Dollars% of Net RevenuesDollars% of Net Revenues
Net revenues:
Commission$173,981 85.2 %$112,510 79.8 %
Enterprise30,198 14.8 %28,500 20.2 %
Net revenues204,179 100.0 %141,010 100.0 %
Operating expenses:
Cost of revenue48,375 23.7 %42,134 29.9 %
Marketing and advertising54,484 26.7 %26,073 18.5 %
Customer care and enrollment47,094 23.1 %23,978 17.0 %
Technology9,617 4.7 %4,593 3.3 %
General and administrative19,693 9.6 %10,491 7.4 %
Change in fair value of contingent consideration liability— — %4,400 3.1 %
Amortization of intangible assets23,514 11.5 %23,514 16.7 %
Total operating expenses202,777 99.3 %135,183 95.9 %
Income (loss) from operations1,402 0.7 %5,827 4.1 %
Interest expense8,688 4.3 %6,756 4.8 %
Other (income) expense, net13 — %10 — %
Income (loss) before income taxes(7,299)(3.6)%(939)(0.7)%
Income tax expense (benefit)(31)— %(2)— %
Net income (loss)$(7,268)(3.6)%(937)(0.7)%
Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests(5,178)(2.5)%— — %
Net income (loss) attributable to GoHealth, Inc.$(2,090)(1.0)%$(937)(0.7)%
Non-GAAP financial measures:
EBITDA$26,756 $29,964 
Adjusted EBITDA$32,048 $34,920 
Adjusted EBITDA margin15.7 %24.8 %
EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin
We use supplemental measures of our performance that are derived from our consolidated financial information, but which are not presented in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures include net income (loss) before interest expense, income tax expense (benefit) and depreciation and amortization expense, or EBITDA; Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin. Adjusted EBITDA is the primary financial performance measure used by management to evaluate its business and monitor its results of operations.
Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA as further adjusted for share-based compensation, legal fees, change in fair value of contingent consideration liability and severance costs. Adjusted EBITDA margin represents Adjusted EBITDA divided by net revenues.
We use non-GAAP financial measures to supplement financial information presented on a GAAP basis. We believe that excluding certain items from our GAAP results allows management to better understand our consolidated financial performance from period to period and better project our future consolidated financial performance as forecasts are developed at a level of detail different from that used to prepare GAAP-based financial measures. Moreover, we believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide our stakeholders with useful information to help them evaluate our operating results by facilitating an enhanced understanding of our operating performance and enabling them to make more meaningful period to period comparisons. There are limitations to the use of the non-GAAP financial measures presented in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. For example, our non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate non-GAAP financial measures differently than we do, limiting the usefulness of those measures for comparative purposes.
The non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered as indicators of performance in isolation from or as a substitute for net income (loss) prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should be read only in conjunction with financial information presented on a GAAP basis. Reconciliations of each of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, net income (loss), are presented in the tables below in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We
GoHealth, Inc.2021 Form 10-Q
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encourage you to review the reconciliations in conjunction with the presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures for each of the periods presented. In future periods, we may exclude similar items, may incur income and expenses similar to these excluded items and include other expenses, costs and non-recurring items.
The following table sets forth the reconciliations of GAAP net income (loss) to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the periods presented:
(in thousands)Three months ended Mar. 31, 2021Three months ended Mar. 31, 2020
Net revenues$204,179 $141,010 
Net income (loss)(7,268)(937)
Interest expense8,688 6,756 
Income tax expense (benefit)(31)(2)
Depreciation and amortization expense25,367 24,147 
EBITDA26,756 29,964 
Share-based compensation expense (1)5,112 479 
Legal fees (2)180 —